Young Scientists

What are the visions for science in Africa ? 8 - Amadou Tidiane Ndiaye: science, technology and computer science at the heart of education

Senegal must have the human resources to participate in the knowledge economy.

"Among these eleven decisions, three are fundamental to this meeting.

The first decision is a frank, clear and determined reorientation of training and education towards STEMs: science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

This option is clear and it is a political option that must be taken up by all higher education systems in Senegal. And then when we take this decision, which has become the roadmap of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, there are a whole series of decisions that will allow its implementation.

In particular, with regard to scholarships. All students with a scientific baccalaureate, when they manage to enrol in universities that are classified in the Schengen Top 100, or in the “Grandes Ecoles“, automatically receive a scholarship that covers all tuition fees.

Also, it has been decided to create educational and training institutions that have practically all the fields except literary fields. We have the University of Sine Saloum, which has an agricultural orientation, we have the ISEPs, which are bac+2 training institutes. We have all the other institutions that have been created since 2012 and that have a STEM vocation.

The second decision is to put information and communication technologies at the heart of the development of higher education. Senegal, like other countries, has understood that the economy of tomorrow will be a knowledge-based economy : an economy that will be essentially centred on scientific production, patents, designs, and appellations of origin. Anything that relates to intellectual production and allows a country, an economy, to be competitive and match international standards.

And I'll give you just one example. When a company like WhatsApp with its 50 or 100 employees creates much more wealth than a century-old company like Renault with many more employees!

This option is clear: to put information technologies at the heart of the development of higher education because never before has a discipline, namely informatics, been so disruptive to the economy. Whether it is agriculture, industry or medicine: all sectors are affected and none of the sectors is spared by the intrusion of information technology."

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